What to do if you have arthritis pain
Pain in arthritis is an invariable companion of all stages of the disease; it occurs due to thinning of cartilage tissue, joint deformation, and a decrease in the volume of synovial fluid. Therefore, the course of treatment of the disease necessarily includes drugs to relieve pain in arthritis – analgesics, NSAIDs, corticosteroids.
Factors of occurrence
The cause of joint pain in a disease such as arthritis is inflammation. During the period of exacerbation, severe arthritis pains are observed, and when the disease becomes chronic, they acquire a moderate, aching character.
The onset of pain syndrome can provoke hypothermia, autoimmune disruptions, and the development of infection.
Depending on the type of disease, soreness can have different specifics.
Pain in rheumatoid arthritis usually occurs in paired joints (polyarthritis), the patient feels symptoms such as weakness, malaise, stiffness. Often, this type of disease is accompanied by muscle discomfort. As a rule, joints begin to hurt in the early morning, about 5-6 hours. Pain with polyarthritis often occurs in the knee, ankle and other large joints.
Reactive illness occurs due to the development of an infection. This type is characterized by acute pain, which is accompanied by severe edema, hyperthermia, reddening of the skin, the appearance of purulent masses in the joint capsule.
Arthritis of the psoriatic type occurs against the background of a disease such as psoriasis. The nature of the damage to the joints is asymmetrical; simultaneous pain in the heels and joints of the fingers is often observed.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects large joints: hip, shoulder, elbow, ankle. The reasons can be different: infection, lowered immunity, rheumatism. With such a disease, the body temperature rises greatly, acute pain is observed, which often leads to complete immobility.
The cause of gout is a violation of salt metabolism, as a result of which crystals of uric acid salts accumulate in the joints of the big toes and injure the joint tissues with sharp edges. Needless to say, the pain in such a clinical picture is severe, the patient often loses the ability to move independently.
The nature of pain
Often patients ask the question: arthritis – how does the leg hurt? The nature of the sensations depends on the stage of development of the disease.
In the acute period, pain is very strong, irritating, unbearable. Patients complain that their leg hurts against the background of arthritis, as if someone is chewing on it. Such sensations often cause mental disorder.
In the chronic stage, the discomfort takes on a moderate, aching character. Soreness increases with walking and other dynamics.
In the subacute period, the patient is periodically disturbed by spasms, which quickly pass and are quite tolerable.