Joint arthritis pain
Arthritis is an inflammatory process in the joints that gradually leads to their degeneration and destruction. In the early stages, the disease makes itself felt by the swelling of the affected area, limitation of mobility, mainly in the morning. In advanced cases, it provokes deformation and complete loss of mobility.
Arthritis at all stages is accompanied by pain. Its intensity can be different: from minor discomfort at the onset of the disease and during periods of remission to exhausting pain during exacerbation. Next, we will consider the causes of the development of pain in arthritis, we will tell you what diseases you can confuse a symptom with and how to treat painful sensations.
Causes of pain
Joint pain is a consequence of irritation of the nerve endings that come from the synovial joint capsule. Depending on the type of arthritis, irritation can be triggered by:
- salt crystals, for example, potassium or sodium urates for gouty arthritis;
- products of autoimmune processes with rheumatoid;
- allergens for allergic;
- toxins with infectious toxic.
What do arthritis pain in the joints say?
Pain indicates a pathological process that occurs in the affected area. If this is the first time that pain occurs, and arthritis has not yet been diagnosed, this is a reason to see a doctor and get tested.
With a confirmed diagnosis, joint pain can indicate:
- postponed negative impact, for example, physical fatigue or an imminent change in weather;
- exacerbation of the disease.
What can be confused with arthritis pain
Pain in joints and surrounding soft tissues is a non-specific symptom characteristic of arthritis and other diseases:
Bursitis – inflammation of the bursa. Pain accompanies all types of bursitis, including traumatic, gonorrheal, syphilitic, brucellosis, tuberculosis and others.
Still’s disease is a separate type of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis of idiopathic origin.
Kawasaki syndrome is an acute febrile illness that is accompanied by damage to the coronary vessels and affects children.
Systemic diseases, including lupus erythematosus, Lyme disease, Crohn’s disease, systemic scleroderma, sarcoidosis and others.
Severe infectious diseases, for example, the flu, which proceeds with fever, body aches and sore joints.
Arthritis can be confused with the listed diseases. Therefore, for an accurate diagnosis, complex diagnostics are needed.
What to do
If pain bothers you for the first time, you can deal with it yourself. To do this, keep the joint at rest, take a comfortable position and relax. Apply a cold compress, drink a pain reliever, or use a topical ointment.
When to see a doctor, to which
If painful sensations recur repeatedly, consult a doctor. Most likely, this is a sign of a disease, and instead of self-medication, it is worth undergoing complex therapy. For joint pain, make an appointment with a therapist or go directly to a rheumatologist.